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Lyndon Dykes , F 2 Matches 5 Assists 1. Ryan Christie , D 2 Matches 4 Assists 0. Scotland has a Western-style open mixed economy closely linked with the rest of the UK and the wider world.
Traditionally, the Scottish economy was dominated by heavy industry underpinned by shipbuilding in Glasgow, coal mining and steel industries.
Petroleum related industries associated with the extraction of North Sea oil have also been important employers from the s, especially in the north-east of Scotland.
De-industrialisation during the s and s saw a shift from a manufacturing focus towards a more service -oriented economy. Edinburgh was ranked 15th in the list of world financial centres in , but fell to 37th in , following damage to its reputation,  and in was ranked 56th out of Whisky is one of Scotland's more known goods of economic activity.
Scotland was one of the industrial powerhouses of Europe from the time of the Industrial Revolution onwards, being a world leader in manufacturing.
This has, however, been combined with a rise in the service sector of the economy, which has grown to be the largest sector in Scotland.
Scotland had a long military tradition predating the Treaty of Union with England; the Scots Army and Royal Scots Navy were with the exception of the Atholl Highlanders , Europe's only legal private army merged with their English counterparts to form the Royal Navy and the British Army , which together form part of the British Armed Forces.
Numerous Scottish regiments have at various times existed in the British Army. In , as a result of the Delivering Security in a Changing World white paper , the Scottish infantry regiments in the Scottish Division were amalgamated to form the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
As a result of the Cameron—Clegg coalition 's Strategic Defence and Security Review , the Scottish regiments of the line in the British Army infantry , having previously formed the Scottish Division, were reorganised into the Scottish, Welsh and Irish Division in Because of their topography and perceived remoteness, parts of Scotland have housed many sensitive defence establishments.
Scapa Flow was the major Fleet base for the Royal Navy until A single front-line Royal Air Force base is located in Scotland.
RAF Lossiemouth , located in Moray , is the most northerly air defence fighter base in the United Kingdom and is home to three fast-jet squadrons equipped with the Eurofighter Typhoon.
The Scottish education system has always been distinct from the rest of the United Kingdom, with a characteristic emphasis on a broad education.
The Curriculum for Excellence , Scotland's national school curriculum, presently provides the curricular framework for children and young people from age 3 to Formal primary education begins at approximately 5 years old and lasts for 7 years P1—P7 ; children in Scotland study Standard Grades , or Intermediate qualifications between the ages of 14 and These are being phased out and replaced by the National Qualifications of the Curriculum for Excellence.
The school leaving age is 16, after which students may choose to remain at school and study for Access , Intermediate or Higher Grade and Advanced Higher qualifications.
There are fifteen Scottish universities , some of which are amongst the oldest in the world. Young Students are defined as those under 25, without children, marriage, civil partnership or cohabiting partner, who have not been outside of full-time education for more than three years.
Scotland's universities are complemented in the provision of Further and Higher Education by 43 colleges. These Group Awards, alongside Scottish Vocational Qualifications, aim to ensure Scotland's population has the appropriate skills and knowledge to meet workplace needs.
Scottish music is a significant aspect of the nation's culture, with both traditional and modern influences.
A famous traditional Scottish instrument is the Great Highland bagpipe , a wind instrument consisting of three drones and a melody pipe called the chanter , which are fed continuously by a reservoir of air in a bag.
Bagpipe bands , featuring bagpipes and various types of drums, and showcasing Scottish music styles while creating new ones, have spread throughout the world.
Scotland has a literary heritage dating back to the early Middle Ages. The earliest extant literature composed in what is now Scotland was in Brythonic speech in the 6th century, but is preserved as part of Welsh literature.
As one of the Celtic nations , Scotland and Scottish culture are represented at interceltic events at home and over the world. The image of St.
Andrew , martyred while bound to an X-shaped cross, first appeared in the Kingdom of Scotland during the reign of William I.
There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the thistle , the nation's floral emblem celebrated in the song, The Thistle o' Scotland , the Declaration of Arbroath , incorporating a statement of political independence made on 6 April , the textile pattern tartan that often signifies a particular Scottish clan and the royal Lion Rampant flag.
Although there is no official national anthem of Scotland ,  Flower of Scotland is played on special occasions and sporting events such as football and rugby matches involving the Scotland national teams and since is also played at the Commonwealth Games after it was voted the overwhelming favourite by participating Scottish athletes.
St Andrew's Day , 30 November, is the national day , although Burns' Night tends to be more widely observed, particularly outside Scotland. The national animal of Scotland is the unicorn , which has been a Scottish heraldic symbol since the 12th century.
Scottish cuisine has distinctive attributes and recipes of its own but shares much with wider British and European cuisine as a result of local and foreign influences, both ancient and modern.
Traditional Scottish dishes exist alongside international foodstuffs brought about by migration. Scotland's natural larder of game , dairy products, fish, fruit, and vegetables is the chief factor in traditional Scots cooking, with a high reliance on simplicity and a lack of spices from abroad, as these were historically rare and expensive.
Irn-Bru is the most common Scottish carbonated soft drink, often described as "Scotland's other national drink" after whisky.
Mary, on her return to Scotland, brought an entourage of French staff who are considered responsible for revolutionising Scots cooking and for some of Scotland's unique food terminology.
Scottish entrants have won many awards since the festival began in Television in Scotland is largely the same as UK-wide broadcasts, however, the national broadcaster is BBC Scotland , a constituent part of the British Broadcasting Corporation , the publicly funded broadcaster of the United Kingdom.
Scotland also has some programming in the Gaelic language. BBC Alba is the national Gaelic-language channel.
Scotland has a number of production companies which produce films and television programmes for Scottish, British and international audiences.
Popular films associated with Scotland through Scottish production or being filmed in Scotland include Braveheart ,  Highlander ,  Trainspotting ,  Red Road , Neds ,  The Angel's Share , Brave  and Outlaw King Wardpark Studios in Cumbernauld is one of Scotland's television and film production studios where the television programme Outlander is produced.
Scotland has its own national governing bodies, such as the Scottish Football Association the second oldest national football association in the world  and the Scottish Rugby Union.
Variations of football have been played in Scotland for centuries, with the earliest reference dating back to The world's first official international association football match was held in and was the idea of C.
The match was between Scotland and England and resulted in a 0—0 draw. Following this, the newly developed football became the most popular sport in Scotland.
The Scottish Cup was first contested in Queen's Park F. As a result of this key role in the development of the sport Scotland is one of only four countries to have a permanent representative on the IFAB; the other four representatives being appointed for set periods by FIFA.
The SFA also has responsibility for the Scotland national football team , whose supporters are commonly known as the " Tartan Army ".
Celtic, Rangers and Dundee United have also reached European finals, the most recent of these being Rangers in With the modern game of golf originating in 15th-century Scotland, the country is promoted as the home of golf.
Other distinctive features of the national sporting culture include the Highland games , curling and shinty. Scotland has also been successful in motorsport , particularly in Formula One.
Scotland has competed at every Commonwealth Games since and has won medals in total—91 Gold, Silver and Bronze. Scotland has five international airports operating scheduled services to Europe, North America and Asia, as well domestic services to England, Northern Ireland and Wales.
Highlands and Islands Airports operates eleven airports across the Highlands , Orkney , Shetland and the Western Isles , which are primarily used for short distance, public service operations, although Inverness Airport has a number of scheduled flights to destinations across the UK and mainland Europe.
Edinburgh Airport is currently Scotland's busiest airport handling over 13 million passengers in Network Rail owns and operates the fixed infrastructure assets of the railway system in Scotland, while the Scottish Government retains overall responsibility for rail strategy and funding in Scotland.
The East Coast and West Coast main railway lines connect the major cities and towns of Scotland with each other and with the rail network in England.
Domestic rail services within Scotland are operated by Abellio ScotRail. British Rail created the ScotRail brand. When British Rail existed, many railway lines in Strathclyde were electrified.
Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive was at the forefront with the acclaimed "largest electrified rail network outside London". Completed in , this cantilever bridge has been described as "the one internationally recognised Scottish landmark".
The Scottish motorways and major trunk roads are managed by Transport Scotland. The remainder of the road network is managed by the Scottish local authorities in each of their areas.
Regular ferry services operate between the Scottish mainland and outlying islands. Ferries serving both the inner and outer Hebrides are principally operated by the state-owned enterprise Caledonian MacBrayne.
Services to the Northern Isles are operated by Serco. Other routes, served by multiple companies, connect southwest Scotland to Northern Ireland. Air Traffic Control tower of Edinburgh Airport.
Domestic rail services are operated by Abellio ScotRail. A Calmac ferry departing Stornoway. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Country in Northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Scotland disambiguation.
Scottish Scots [d]. Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. English is the main language by custom and usage, with Scots, Scottish Gaelic and British Sign Language also recognised as the main linguistic groups in Scotland, according to the Scottish Government.
Modern use of the term describes products of Scotland usually food or drink-related. Certain executive and legislative powers have been devolved to, respectively, the Scottish Government and the Scottish Parliament.
ISO is GB , but. Main article: Etymology of Scotland. Main article: Prehistoric Scotland. See also: Timeline of prehistoric Scotland.
Main article: History of Scotland. Main article: Scotland in the early modern period. Main article: Scotland in the modern era. Main article: Geography of Scotland.
Main article: Geology of Scotland. Main article: Climate of Scotland. Main articles: Fauna of Scotland and Flora of Scotland. Main article: Demography of Scotland.
Largest cities or towns in Scotland Scotland's Census . Main article: Religion in Scotland. Bute House is the official residence and workplace of the first minister.
Holyrood is the seat of the national parliament of Scotland. Main article: Subdivisions of Scotland. Main article: Scots law. Main article: Healthcare in Scotland.
Main article: Economy of Scotland. Main article: Banknotes of Scotland. Main articles: Education in Scotland and List of universities in Scotland.
University of St Andrews is the oldest University in Scotland and third oldest in the English-speaking world. Main article: Culture of Scotland.
See also: Scottish art and Media of Scotland. Main article: Music of Scotland. Robert Burns , regarded as the national poet of Scotland is a well known and respected poet worldwide left.
The bagpipes are a well known symbol of Scotland and an early example of popular Scottish music right. Main article: Scottish literature.
Further information: Celtic nations. Further information: Scottish people and National symbols of Scotland. Main article: Scottish cuisine.
Main article: Media of Scotland. Main article: Sport in Scotland. See also: Nuclear power in Scotland and Renewable energy in Scotland.
Main article: Transport in Scotland. Scotland portal United Kingdom portal. Archived from the original on 11 November Retrieved 2 December Catholic Online.
Retrieved 15 November The Scottish Government. Retrieved 9 December Retrieved 8 October Scotland's Census. Retrieved 9 August Office for National Statistics.
National Records of Scotland. Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 24 April Retrieved 13 September Scottish Government.
Retrieved 23 October Retrieved 2 August Herald Scotland. Retrieved 17 January Retrieved 24 June Archived from the original on 16 April Retrieved 24 August International Organization for Standardization codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions — Part 2: Country subdivision codes.
Retrieved 31 May Scotland in Short. Scottish Executive. Retrieved 14 September London: The Houses of Parliament. Retrieved 26 December This means that not only totally foreign independent countries such as France or Russia Retrieved 7 May Retrieved 3 January British-Irish Council.
Retrieved 4 May British-Irish Parliamentary Assembly. Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 13 January Freeman, Ireland and the Classical World , Austin, , pp.
The History Of Ireland. Retrieved 17 September Page In Wormald, Jenny ed. Scotland: A History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Britain BC. London: HarperPerennial. Scotland: A Very Short Introduction. Eds Heart of Midlothian. Queens Park Rangers.
Craig MacGillivray. David Marshall. Robbie McCrorie. Allan McGregor. Jon McLaughlin. Andrew Considine. Michael Devlin.
Stuart Findlay. Declan Gallagher. Nottingham Forest. Amber shirts, navy shorts and navy socks were used in —06, as the alternative sky blue shirts were unsuitable when Scotland travelled to teams wearing any shade of blue shirt, while an all 'cherry red' kit was used a single time against Georgia in the Euro qualifiers in Scotland have not always played in dark blue; on a number of occasions between and they played in the primrose and pink racing colours of Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery.
His colours were used most frequently in the first decade of the 20th century, but were discontinued in The colours were briefly reprised in , and were last used against France in In , when Scotland defeated England 4—1, Lord Rosebery remarked, "I have never seen my colours so well sported since Ladas won the Derby ".
The current version of the crest is a roundel similar to the crest used from to enclosing a shield, with "Scotland" written on the top and "Est " on the bottom.
In the shield background there are 11 thistles, representing the national flower of Scotland, in addition to the lion rampant.
Since , the SFA have supported the use of Scottish Gaelic on the national team's strip in recognition of the language's status in Scotland. Scotland fans are collectively known as the Tartan Army.
During the s, Scotland fans became known for their hooliganism in England, particularly after they invaded the Wembley pitch and destroyed the goalposts after the England v Scotland match in The following players have also been selected by Scotland in the past 12 months.
The Scottish Football Museum operates a hall of fame which is open to players and managers involved in Scottish football.
This means that membership is not restricted to people who have played for Scotland; inductees include Brian Laudrup and Henrik Larsson ,as well as John McGovern who never played in Scotland or gained an international cap.
From to , and to , the Scotland national team was appointed by a selection committee. Andy Beattie was manager for six matches in when Scotland competed at their first World Cup.
After the tournament the selection committee resumed their duties, continuing until the appointment of Matt Busby in Busby was initially unable to assume his duties due to the serious injuries he sustained in the Munich air disaster.
Statistically the most successful manager was Alex McLeish , who won seven of the ten games during his first spell as manager. Discounting managers who took charge of less than ten games, the least successful manager was George Burley , with just three wins in 14 games.
Last updated: Israel v Scotland, 18 November Kenny Dalglish holds the record for Scotland appearances, having played times between and He is the only Scotland player to have reached caps.
Denis Law scored 30 goals between and , during which time he played for Scotland on 55 occasions. Kenny Dalglish scored an equal number from appearances.
Hughie Gallacher as well as being the third highest scorer is also the most prolific with his 24 goals coming from only 20 games averaging 1.
The largest margin of victory achieved by a Scotland side is 11—0 against Ireland in the British Home Championship. Scotland's British Home Championship match against England set a new world record for a football attendance.
The Hampden Park crowd was officially recorded as ,, though the true figure is unknown as a large number of additional fans gained unauthorised entry.
The successful bid by London for the Summer Olympics prompted the FA to explore how a team could be entered.
An agreement was reached in May whereby the FA would be permitted to organise a team using only England-qualified players,  but this was successfully challenged by the British Olympic Association.
Only English and Welsh players were selected for the men's squad,  but two Scottish players were selected for the women's team. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Men's association football team representing Scotland. This article is about the men's team. For the women's team, see Scotland women's national football team.
First colours. Second colours. Main article: History of the Scotland national football team. Illustrations of the first international football match , hosted by Scotland against England in See also: Scotland national football team results.
Main article: Scotland national football team home stadium. Main article: Tartan Army. See also: List of Scotland international footballers , List of Scotland international footballers 5—24 caps , List of Scotland international footballers 1—4 caps , and List of Scotland international footballers born outside Scotland.
Main article: Scotland national football team manager. Main article: Scotland national football team records. Scotland portal Association football portal.
Retrieved 27 November BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 29 November Retrieved 25 October BBC Scotland.
Retrieved 15 May Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 12 September Rec Sport Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 14 May Archived from the original on 14 June Retrieved 20 February Archived from the original on 12 December Retrieved 27 September The Times.
News International. Retrieved 17 September When Saturday Comes. London Hearts Supporters' Club. The Unofficial Football World Championships.
Tonto Sport. Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 28 July Retrieved 14 September The Scotsman. Retrieved 21 September Retrieved 8 January Evening Times.As of Maythe Royal Bank of Scotland is in the process of adopting a new series of banknotes. Scotland have the chance to qualify for a first major tournament in 22 years when Gmt +2 travel to Serbia for a Euro playoff final on Thursday Robbie McCrorie.